It established Hitler as the supreme administrator of justice of the German people, as he put it in his July 13 speech to the Reichstag.  Schneidhuber was executed later that day. ", "But in origin the National Socialists had been a radical anti-capitalist party, and this part of the National Socialist programme was not only taken seriously by many loyal Party members but was of increasing importance in a period of economic depression. Tuning: E A D G B E. File format: ptb. Night of the long knives Stick 'em in the back woods Traducción Agregar a la playlist Tamaño A Restaurar A Cifrado Imprimir Corregir Compuesta por: Angus Young / Brian Johnson. His body was found in a wood outside Munich; he had been hacked to death, apparently with pickaxes. Remember that you can play this song at the right column of this page by clicking on the PLAY button. The loyalty of the SS men would prove useful to both when Hitler finally chose to move against Röhm and the SA. In a career not lacking in bold statements, "for those about to rock / we salute you" seemed like the boldest of all–the new rock gods honoring their flock. Follow @genius  Neurath's manoeuvre to put pressure on Hitler paid off, with Mussolini agreeing to the request (Neurath was a former ambassador to Italy, and knew Mussolini well). Night of the long knives.  More than a thousand perceived opponents were arrested. " Meanwhile, Goebbels tried to prevent newspapers from publishing lists of the dead, but at the same time used a July 2 radio address to describe how Hitler had narrowly prevented Röhm and Schleicher from overthrowing the government and throwing the country into turmoil.  Mackensen and Hammerstein ended their memo with: Excellency, the gravity of the moment has compelled us to appeal to you as our Supreme Commander. Night Of The Long Knives lyrics. The widows of the murdered SA leaders received between 1,000 and 1,600 marks a month, depending on the rank of the murdered person. , Former Kaiser Wilhelm II, who was in exile in Doorn, Netherlands, was horrified by the purge. A video i made with pictures to the beat of the song "Night of the Long Knives" off the album "For Those About to Rock (We Salute You)" " Having heard nothing in the allotted time, they returned to Röhm's cell at 14:50 to find him standing, with his bare chest puffed out in a gesture of defiance.  The Gestapo also murdered Erich Klausener, the leader of Catholic Action, and a close Papen associate. AC/DC. Deprived of Communist party meetings to disrupt, the stormtroopers would sometimes run riot in the streets after a night of drinking; they would attack passers-by and then attack the police who were called to stop them. In Berlin, on Göring's personal orders, an armed SS unit stormed the Vice-Chancellery. [l] Luise Solmitz, a Hamburg schoolteacher, echoed the sentiments of many Germans when she cited Hitler's "personal courage, decisiveness and effectiveness" in her private diary.  Sepp Dietrich received orders from Hitler for the Leibstandarte to form an "execution squad" and go to Stadelheim prison where certain SA leaders were being held. The Freikorps were nationalistic organizations primarily composed of disaffected, disenchanted, and angry German combat veterans founded by the government in January 1919 to deal with the threat of a Communist revolution when it appeared that there was a lack of loyal troops. , In late 1934–early 1935, Werner von Fritsch and Werner von Blomberg, who had been shamed into joining Hammerstein and Mackensen's rehabilitation campaign, successfully pressured Hitler into rehabilitating Generals von Schleicher and von Bredow. Consumed with rage, Hitler denounced "the worst treachery in world history". A telegram allegedly sent by the ailing President Hindenburg, Germany's highly revered military hero, expressed his "profoundly felt gratitude", and congratulated Hitler for "nipping treason in the bud", although Hermann Göring later admitted during the Nuremberg trials that the telegram was never seen by Hindenburg, and was actually written by the Nazis. Your browser will redirect to your requested content shortly. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. AC/DC are an Australian hard rock band, formed in 1973 by brothers Malcolm and Angus Young, who have remained constant members. Play Night Of The Long Knives Tabs using simple video lessons , As a means of isolating Röhm, on April 20, 1934, Göring transferred control of the Prussian political police (Gestapo) to Himmler, who, Göring believed, could be counted on to move against Röhm. [m] Years later, in November 1945, while being interviewed by psychologist Gustave Gilbert in his cell during the Nuremberg trials, Göring angrily justified the killings to Gilbert, "It's a damn good thing I wiped them out, or they would have wiped us out!" Who will help you fill your hand? ", Hitler named Viktor Lutze to replace Röhm as head of the SA. The destiny of our country is at stake. fresh tabs top tabs lessons submit videos . Who's defendin' who's attack? She even compared him to Frederick the Great, the 18th-century King of Prussia.. Who's that fightin' back to back? This would not prove to be simple, however, as the SA made up a large part of Nazism's most devoted followers. On July 1, at Hitler's behest, Theodor Eicke, Commandant of the Dachau concentration camp, and his SS adjutant Michael Lippert visited Röhm. Mussolini used the affair occasioned by the murder of Giacomo Matteotti as an example of the kind of trouble unruly followers could cause a dictator.  Lutze did little to assert the SA's independence in the coming years, and the SA lost its power in Germany. AC/DC. Night of the long knives. AC/DC . Chancellor Adolf Hitler, urged on by Hermann Göring and Heinrich Himmler, ordered a series of political extrajudicial executions intended to consolidate his power and alleviate the concerns of the German military about the role of Ernst Röhm and the Sturmabteilung, the Nazis' paramilitary organization. General Comment The Night of the Long Knives was a turning point in the history of Hitler's Germany. Enraged, Hitler tore the epaulets off the shirt of Obergruppenführer August Schneidhuber, the chief of the Munich police, for failing to keep order in the city the previous night.  Goebbels emphasised this aspect in subsequent propaganda justifying the purge as a crackdown on moral turpitude. , The regime did not limit itself to a purge of the SA. In fact, this album's title track would provide the bombastic close to most of their concerts in the years to follow.  Papen was unceremoniously arrested at the Vice-Chancellery, despite his insistent protests that he could not be arrested in his position as Vice-Chancellor. Now that the NSDAP had seized the reins of power in Germany, he said, it was time to consolidate its control. Most officers are too old and have to be replaced by young ones. The murders of SA leaders were also intended to improve the image of the Hitler government with a German public that was increasingly critical of thuggish SA tactics. A combat veteran of World War I, Röhm had recently boasted that he would execute 12 men in retaliation for the killing of any stormtrooper. Album For Those About To Rock (We Salute You) (1981) by AC/DC.  Finally, Hammerstein and Mackensen asked that Hindenburg reorganize the government by firing Baron Konstantin von Neurath, Robert Ley, Hermann Göring, Werner von Blomberg, Joseph Goebbels, and Richard Walther Darré from the Cabinet. SS men stormed the hotel, and Hitler personally placed Röhm and other high-ranking SA leaders under arrest. , Demands for Hitler to constrain the SA strengthened. And let it be known for all time to come that if anyone raises his hand to strike the State, then certain death is his lot. Before its execution, its planners sometimes referred to the purge as Hummingbird (German: Kolibri), the codeword used to send the execution squads into action on the day of the purge. Nazi propaganda presented the murders as a preventive measure against an alleged imminent coup by the SA under Röhm – the so-called Röhm Putsch.  In a speech given on January 3, 1935 at the Berlin State Opera, Hitler stated that Schleicher and Bredow had been shot "in error" on the basis of false information, and that their names were to be restored to the honour rolls of their regiments at once. 100%. While Röhm's homosexuality did not endear him to conservatives, they were more concerned about his political ambitions. About Night Of The Long Knives lyrics. Who's your friend and who's your foe? The Gestapo arrested and later executed Papen's close associate Edgar Jung, the author of Papen's Marburg speech, and disposed of his body by dumping it in a ditch. Hess, present among the assembled, even volunteered to shoot the "traitors". [k] Signed into law by Hitler, Gürtner, and Minister of the Interior Wilhelm Frick, the "Law Regarding Measures of State Self-Defence" retroactively legalized the murders committed during the purge. Engineer. "A very calm and easy going mailman," the diarist Victor Klemperer wrote, "who is not at all National Socialist, said, 'Well, he simply sentenced them.'" In this hour I was responsible for the fate of the German people, and thereby I became the supreme judge of the German people. info)), or the Röhm Purge, also called Operation Hummingbird (German: Unternehmen Kolibri), was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany from June 30 to July 2, 1934. A copy of the original film, before Röhm was edited out, was found in the 1980s in the German Democratic Republic's film archives. Night of the long knives. Kurt von Schleicher's stepdaughter received 250 marks per month up to the age of 21 and the son of General von Bredow received a monthly allowance of 150 marks.. Check out Night of the Long Knives by AC/DC on Amazon Music. Hitler and Himmler unleashed the Gestapo against old enemies, as well. At least 85 people died during the purge, although the final death toll may have been in the hundreds,[b][c][d] with high estimates running from 700 to 1,000.  Himmler named his deputy Reinhard Heydrich to head the Gestapo on April 22, 1934.  Besides working for the rehabilitation of Schleicher and Bredow, Hammerstein and Mackensen sent a memo to Hindenburg on July 18 setting out in considerable detail the circumstances of the murders of the two generals and noted that Papen had barely escaped.  Joseph Goebbels, who had been with Hitler at Bad Wiessee, set the final phase of the plan in motion. We were close personal friends; we often dined together in Berlin. Who your leader? In response to conservative pressure to constrain Röhm, Hitler left for Neudeck to meet with Hindenburg. You don’t know. The Party had generally been aligned with the Social Democrats and Catholic Church during the rise of Nazism, being critical of Nazi ideology, but voting nonetheless for the Enabling Act of 1933 which granted Hitler dictatorial authority.  Then, on July 13, 1934, Hitler justified the purge in a nationally broadcast speech to the Reichstag: If anyone reproaches me and asks why I did not resort to the regular courts of justice, then all I can say is this. Finally, Hitler used the purge to attack or eliminate German critics of his new regime, especially those loyal to Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen, as well as to settle scores with old enemies.[a]. Göring instructed police stations to burn "all documents concerning the action of the past two days. Who will help you fill your hand? Editors’ Notes The guns literally came out blazing for the tour that surrounded the band's chart-topping 1981 album. Tonebridge. [He] died with words "Heil Hitler" on his lips. You don't know [Chorus] Night of the long knives Night of the long knives Night of the long knives Night of the long, long knife [Verse 2] Where's that savior, where's that light , According to Speer, "the Right, represented by the President, the Minister of Justice, and the generals, lined up behind Hitler ... the strong left wing of the party, represented chiefly by the SA, was eliminated.  While Mussolini's criticism did not win Hitler over to acting against the SA, it helped push him in that direction.. Despite his earlier agreement with Hitler, Röhm still clung to his vision of a new German army with the SA at its core. "Night Of The Long Knives". One accurate version. He took seriously the socialist promise of National Socialism and demanded that Hitler and the other party leaders initiate wide-ranging socialist reform in Germany. 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